SQL Server profile name is not valid [SQLSTATE 42000] Error 14607

Created first account and then profile for SQL Server Emailing.

I opened SQL management Studio and ran the test script:

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_send_dbmail @recipients=’abc@xyz.com’, @profile_name = ‘ProfilenameABC’,    @subject = ‘test email ‘,    @body = ‘test email’,    @body_format = ‘HTML’ ;

It worked fine.

But the developer from my team came back saying the job has failed with error:

profile name is not valid [SQLSTATE 42000] Error 14607.

He too is getting the same error.

So then we realized we have to change it security and make it Public.

So in SQL management Studio, navigate to Database mail => Configure Database mail, and select option=> Manage Profile Security.

Making it public profile allows guest access too.

 

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SQL Server Catalog Views Information Schema Views Metadata List of all tables views databases

To get metadata in SQL server such as list of all databases, or tables, views residing in a database we can use:

  • Catalog Views
  • Information Schema Views.
  • OLE DB schema rowsets.
  • ODBC catalog functions.
  • System stored procedures and functions.

In this blog let’s look at the first two approaches of Catalog Views, and Information Schema Views.

Metadata means data about data. 

The core of the SQL Server system catalogs is a set of views that show metadata that describes the objects in an instance of SQL Server. Metadata is data that describes the attributes of objects in a system.

Microsoft recommends using catalog views to access metadata for the following reasons:

  • All metadata is made available as catalog views.
  • Catalog views present metadata in a format that is independent of any catalog table implementation, therefore catalog views are not affected by changes in the underlying catalog tables.
  • Catalog views are the most efficient way to access core server metadata.
  • Catalog views are the general interface to catalog metadata and provide the most direct way to obtain, transform, and present customized forms of this metadata.
  • Catalog view names and the names of their columns are descriptive. Query results match what might be expected by a user who has a moderate knowledge of the feature that corresponds to the metadata that is being queried.

For example, the following query uses the sys.objects catalog view to return all database objects that have been modified in the last 10 days.

SELECT name AS object_name, SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id) AS schema_name, type_desc
,create_date,modify_date
FROM sys.objects
WHERE modify_date > GETDATE() – 10
ORDER BY modify_date;

Information schema views are based on catalog view definitions in the ISO standard. They present the catalog information in a format that is independent of any catalog table implementation and therefore are not affected by changes in the underlying catalog tables. Applications that use these views are portable between heterogeneous ISO compliant database systems.
Following are some of the catalog based queries published on Microsoft site.

Data Types

Tables, Indexes, Views, and Constraints

Modules (Stored Procedures, User-Defined Functions, and Triggers)

Schemas, Users, Roles, and Permissions

Answers

How do I find all the tables that do not have a clustered index in a specified database?

Before you run the following queries, replace <database_name> with a valid database name.

USE AdventureWorks2008;
GO
SELECT SCHEMA_NAME(t.schema_id) AS schema_name, t.name AS table_name
FROM sys.tables AS t
WHERE NOT EXISTS 
   (
     SELECT * FROM sys.indexes AS i
     WHERE i.object_id = t.object_id
     AND i.type = 1  -- or type_desc = 'CLUSTERED'
   )
ORDER BY schema_name, table_name;
GO


Or, you can use the OBJECTPROPERTY function as shown in the following example.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id) AS schema_name, name AS table_name
FROM sys.tables 
WHERE OBJECTPROPERTY(object_id,'TableHasClustIndex') = 0
ORDER BY schema_id, name;
GO


TOP

How do I find all the owners of entities contained in a specified schema?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> and <schema_name> with valid names.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT 'OBJECT' AS entity_type
    ,USER_NAME(OBJECTPROPERTY(object_id, 'OwnerId')) AS owner_name
    ,name 
FROM sys.objects WHERE SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id) = '<schema_name>'
UNION 
SELECT 'TYPE' AS entity_type
    ,USER_NAME(TYPEPROPERTY(SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id) + '.' + name, 'OwnerId')) AS owner_name
    ,name 
FROM sys.types WHERE SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id) = '<schema_name>' 
UNION
SELECT 'XML SCHEMA COLLECTION' AS entity_type 
    ,COALESCE(USER_NAME(xsc.principal_id),USER_NAME(s.principal_id)) AS owner_name
    ,xsc.name 
FROM sys.xml_schema_collections AS xsc JOIN sys.schemas AS s
    ON s.schema_id = xsc.schema_id
WHERE s.name = '<schema_name>';
GO


How do I find all the tables that do not have a primary key?

Before you run the following queries, replace <database_name> with a valid database name.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT SCHEMA_NAME(t.schema_id) AS schema_name
    ,t.name AS table_name
FROM sys.tables t 
WHERE object_id NOT IN 
   (
    SELECT parent_object_id 
    FROM sys.key_constraints 
    WHERE type_desc = 'PRIMARY_KEY_CONSTRAINT' -- or type = 'PK'
    );
GO


Or, you can run the following query.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id) AS schema_name
    ,name AS table_name 
FROM sys.tables 
WHERE OBJECTPROPERTY(object_id,'TableHasPrimaryKey') = 0
ORDER BY schema_name, table_name;
GO


How do I find all the tables that do not have an index?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> with a valid database name.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id) AS schema_name
    ,name AS table_name
FROM sys.tables 
WHERE OBJECTPROPERTY(object_id,'IsIndexed') = 0
ORDER BY schema_name, table_name;
GO


How do I find all the tables that have an identity column?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> with a valid database name.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id) AS schema_name
    , t.name AS table_name
    , c.name AS column_name
FROM sys.tables AS t
JOIN sys.identity_columns c ON t.object_id = c.object_id
ORDER BY schema_name, table_name;
GO


Or, you can run the following query.

NoteNote
This query does not return the name of the columns.
USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id) AS schema_name
    ,name AS table_name 
FROM sys.tables 
WHERE OBJECTPROPERTY(object_id,'TableHasIdentity') = 1
ORDER BY schema_name, table_name;
GO


How do I find the data types of the columns of a specified table?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> and <schema_name.table_name> with valid names.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT c.name AS column_name
    ,c.column_id
    ,SCHEMA_NAME(t.schema_id) AS type_schema
    ,t.name AS type_name
    ,t.is_user_defined
    ,t.is_assembly_type
    ,c.max_length
    ,c.precision
    ,c.scale
FROM sys.columns AS c 
JOIN sys.types AS t ON c.user_type_id=t.user_type_id
WHERE c.object_id = OBJECT_ID('<schema_name.table_name>')
ORDER BY c.column_id;
GO


How do I find the dependencies on a specified function?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> and <schema_name.function_name> with valid names.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT OBJECT_NAME(object_id) AS referencing_object_name
    ,COALESCE(COL_NAME(object_id, column_id), '(n/a)') AS referencing_column_name
    ,*
FROM sys.sql_dependencies
WHERE referenced_major_id = OBJECT_ID('<schema_name.function_name>')
ORDER BY OBJECT_NAME(object_id), COL_NAME(object_id, column_id);
GO 


 

How do I find all the stored procedures in a database?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> with a valid name.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT name AS procedure_name 
    ,SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id) AS schema_name
    ,type_desc
    ,create_date
    ,modify_date
FROM sys.procedures;
GO


 

How do I find the parameters for a specified stored procedure or function?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> and <schema_name.object_name> with valid names.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id) AS schema_name
    ,o.name AS object_name
    ,o.type_desc
    ,p.parameter_id
    ,p.name AS parameter_name
    ,TYPE_NAME(p.user_type_id) AS parameter_type
    ,p.max_length
    ,p.precision
    ,p.scale
    ,p.is_output
FROM sys.objects AS o
INNER JOIN sys.parameters AS p ON o.object_id = p.object_id
WHERE o.object_id = OBJECT_ID('<schema_name.object_name>')
ORDER BY schema_name, object_name, p.parameter_id;
GO


 

How do I find all the user-defined functions in a database?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> with a valid database name.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT name AS function_name 
  ,SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id) AS schema_name
  ,type_desc
  ,create_date
  ,modify_date
FROM sys.objects
WHERE type_desc LIKE '%FUNCTION%';
GO


 

How do I find all views in a database?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> with a valid database name.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT name AS view_name 
  ,SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id) AS schema_name
  ,OBJECTPROPERTYEX(object_id,'IsIndexed') AS IsIndexed
  ,OBJECTPROPERTYEX(object_id,'IsIndexable') AS IsIndexable
  ,create_date
  ,modify_date
FROM sys.views;
GO


 

How do I find all the entities that have been modified in the last N days?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> and <n_days> with valid values.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT name AS object_name 
  ,SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id) AS schema_name
  ,type_desc
  ,create_date
  ,modify_date
FROM sys.objects
WHERE modify_date > GETDATE() - <n_days>
ORDER BY modify_date;
GO


 

How do I find the LOB data types of a specified table?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> and <schema_name.table_name> with valid names.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT name AS column_name 
    ,column_id 
    ,TYPE_NAME(user_type_id) AS type_name
    ,max_length
    ,CASE 
       WHEN max_length = -1 AND TYPE_NAME(user_type_id) <> 'xml'
            THEN 1
            ELSE 0
     END AS [(max)]
FROM sys.columns
WHERE object_id=OBJECT_ID('<schema_name.table_name>') 
    AND ( TYPE_NAME(user_type_id) IN ('xml','text', 'ntext','image')
         OR (TYPE_NAME(user_type_id) IN ('varchar','nvarchar','varbinary')
         AND max_length = -1)
        );
GO


 

How do I view the definition of a module?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> and <schema_name.object_name> with valid names.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT definition
FROM sys.sql_modules
WHERE object_id = OBJECT_ID('<schema_name.object_name>');
GO


Or, you can use the OBJECT_DEFINITION function as shown in the following example.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT OBJECT_DEFINITION (OBJECT_ID('<schema_name.object_name>')) AS ObjectDefinition;
GO


 

How do I view the definition of a server-level trigger?

SELECT definition
FROM sys.server_sql_modules;
GO


 

How do I find the columns of a primary key for a specified table?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> and <schema_name.table_name> with valid names.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT i.name AS index_name
    ,ic.index_column_id
    ,key_ordinal
    ,c.name AS column_name
    ,TYPE_NAME(c.user_type_id)AS column_type 
    ,is_identity
FROM sys.indexes AS i
INNER JOIN sys.index_columns AS ic 
    ON i.object_id = ic.object_id AND i.index_id = ic.index_id
INNER JOIN sys.columns AS c 
    ON ic.object_id = c.object_id AND c.column_id = ic.column_id
WHERE i.is_primary_key = 1 
    AND i.object_id = OBJECT_ID('<schema_name.table_name>');
GO


Or, you can use the COL_NAME function as shown in the following example.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT i.name AS index_name
    ,COL_NAME(ic.object_id,ic.column_id) AS column_name
    ,ic.index_column_id
    ,key_ordinal
FROM sys.indexes AS i
INNER JOIN sys.index_columns AS ic 
    ON i.object_id = ic.object_id AND i.index_id = ic.index_id
WHERE i.is_primary_key = 1 
    AND i.object_id = OBJECT_ID('<schema_name.table_name>');
GO


 

How do I find the columns of a foreign key for a specified table?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> and <schema_name.table_name> with valid names.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT 
    f.name AS foreign_key_name
   ,OBJECT_NAME(f.parent_object_id) AS table_name
   ,COL_NAME(fc.parent_object_id, fc.parent_column_id) AS constraint_column_name
   ,OBJECT_NAME (f.referenced_object_id) AS referenced_object
   ,COL_NAME(fc.referenced_object_id, fc.referenced_column_id) AS referenced_column_name
   ,is_disabled
   ,delete_referential_action_desc
   ,update_referential_action_desc
FROM sys.foreign_keys AS f
INNER JOIN sys.foreign_key_columns AS fc 
   ON f.object_id = fc.constraint_object_id 
WHERE f.parent_object_id = OBJECT_ID('<schema_name.table_name>');


 

How do I find the permissions granted or denied to a specified principal?

The following example creates a function to return the name of the entity on which the permissions are checked. The function is invoked in the queries that follow. The function must be created in every database in which you want to check permissions.

-- Create a function to return the name of the entity on which the permissions are checked.
IF OBJECT_ID (N'dbo.entity_instance_name', N'FN') IS NOT NULL
    DROP FUNCTION dbo.entity_instance_name;
GO
CREATE FUNCTION dbo.entity_instance_name(@class_desc nvarchar(60), @major_id int) 
RETURNS sysname AS
BEGIN
    DECLARE @the_entity_name sysname
    SELECT @the_entity_name = CASE
        WHEN @class_desc = 'DATABASE' THEN DB_NAME()
        WHEN @class_desc = 'SCHEMA' THEN SCHEMA_NAME(@major_id)
        WHEN @class_desc = 'OBJECT_OR_COLUMN' THEN OBJECT_NAME(@major_id)
        WHEN @class_desc = 'DATABASE_PRINCIPAL' THEN USER_NAME(@major_id)
        WHEN @class_desc = 'ASSEMBLY' THEN 
            (SELECT name FROM sys.assemblies WHERE assembly_id=@major_id)
        WHEN @class_desc = 'TYPE' THEN TYPE_NAME(@major_id)
        WHEN @class_desc = 'XML_SCHEMA_COLLECTION' THEN 
            (SELECT name FROM sys.xml_schema_collections
              WHERE xml_collection_id=@major_id)
        WHEN @class_desc = 'MESSAGE_TYPE' THEN 
            (SELECT name FROM sys.service_message_types WHERE message_type_id=@major_id)
        WHEN @class_desc = 'SERVICE_CONTRACT' THEN 
           (SELECT name FROM sys.service_contracts
              WHERE service_contract_id=@major_id)
        WHEN @class_desc = 'SERVICE' THEN
          (SELECT name FROM sys.services WHERE service_id=@major_id)
        WHEN @class_desc = 'REMOTE_SERVICE_BINDING' THEN
          (SELECT name FROM sys.remote_service_bindings
             WHERE remote_service_binding_id=@major_id)
        WHEN @class_desc = 'ROUTE' THEN
          (SELECT name FROM sys.routes WHERE route_id=@major_id)
        WHEN @class_desc = 'FULLTEXT_CATALOG' THEN
          (SELECT name FROM sys.fulltext_catalogs WHERE fulltext_catalog_id=@major_id)
        WHEN @class_desc = 'SYMMETRIC_KEY' THEN
          (SELECT name FROM sys.symmetric_keys WHERE symmetric_key_id=@major_id)
        WHEN @class_desc = 'CERTIFICATE' THEN
          (SELECT name FROM sys.certificates WHERE certificate_id=@major_id)
        WHEN @class_desc = 'ASYMMETRIC_KEY' THEN
          (SELECT name FROM sys.asymmetric_keys WHERE asymmetric_key_id=@major_id)
        WHEN @class_desc = 'SERVER' THEN 
             (SELECT name FROM sys.servers WHERE server_id=@major_id)
        WHEN @class_desc = 'SERVER_PRINCIPAL' THEN SUSER_NAME(@major_id)
        WHEN @class_desc = 'ENDPOINT' THEN 
             (SELECT name FROM sys.endpoints WHERE endpoint_id=@major_id)      
        ELSE '?'
    END
    RETURN @the_entity_name
END;
GO
-- Return server-level permissions for the user.
SELECT class
    ,class_desc
    ,dbo.entity_instance_name(class_desc, major_id) AS entity_name 
    ,minor_id
    ,SUSER_NAME(grantee_principal_id) AS grantee
    ,SUSER_NAME(grantor_principal_id) AS grantor
    ,type
    ,permission_name
    ,state_desc 
FROM sys.server_permissions 
WHERE grantee_principal_id = SUSER_ID('public');
GO
-- Return database-level permissions for the user.
SELECT class
    ,class_desc
    ,dbo.entity_instance_name(class_desc , major_id) AS entity_name 
    ,minor_id
    ,USER_NAME(grantee_principal_id) AS grantee
    ,USER_NAME(grantor_principal_id) AS grantor
    ,type
    ,permission_name
    ,state_desc   
FROM  sys.database_permissions 
WHERE grantee_principal_id = DATABASE_PRINCIPAL_ID('public');
GO


 

How do I determine if a column is used in a computed column expression?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name><schema_name.table_name>, and <column_name> with valid names.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT OBJECT_NAME(object_id) AS object_name
    ,COL_NAME(object_id, column_id) AS computed_column 
    ,class_desc
    ,is_selected
    ,is_updated
    ,is_select_all
FROM sys.sql_dependencies
WHERE referenced_major_id = OBJECT_ID('<schema_name.table_name>')
    AND referenced_minor_id = COLUMNPROPERTY(referenced_major_id, '<column_name>', 'ColumnId')
    AND class = 1;
GO


TOP

 

How do I find all the columns that are used in a computed column expression?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> with a valid name.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT OBJECT_NAME(d.referenced_major_id) AS object_name
    ,COL_NAME(d.referenced_major_id, d.referenced_minor_id) AS column_name
    ,OBJECT_NAME(referenced_major_id) AS dependent_object_name 
    ,COL_NAME(d.object_id, d.column_id) AS dependent_computed_column
    ,cc.definition AS computed_column_definition
FROM sys.sql_dependencies AS d
JOIN sys.computed_columns AS cc 
    ON cc.object_id = d.object_id AND cc.column_id = d.column_id AND d.object_id=d.referenced_major_id     
WHERE d.class = 1
ORDER BY object_name, column_name;
GO


TOP

 

How do I find the columns that depend on a specified CLR user-defined type or alias type?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> with a valid name and <schema_name.data_type_name> with a valid, schema-qualified CLR user-defined type, or schema-qualified alias type name. The following query requires membership in the db_owner role or permissions to see all dependent column and computed column metadata in the database.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT OBJECT_NAME(object_id) AS object_name 
    ,c.name AS column_name 
    ,SCHEMA_NAME(t.schema_id) AS schema_name
    ,TYPE_NAME(c.user_type_id) AS user_type_name
    ,c.max_length
    ,c.precision
    ,c.scale
    ,c.is_nullable
    ,c.is_computed
FROM sys.columns AS c
INNER JOIN sys.types AS t ON c.user_type_id = t.user_type_id
WHERE c.user_type_id = TYPE_ID('<schema_name.data_type_name>'); 
GO


The following query returns a restricted and narrow view of columns dependent on a CLR user-defined type or alias, but the result set is visible to the public role. You can use this query if you have granted REFERENCE permissions on your user-defined type to others and you do not have permission to view the metadata of the objects others have created that use the type.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT OBJECT_NAME(object_id) AS object_name 
    ,COL_NAME(object_id, column_id) AS column_name
    ,TYPE_NAME(user_type_id) AS user_type
FROM sys.column_type_usages
WHERE user_type_id = TYPE_ID('<schema_name.data_type_name>');
GO


TOP

 

How do I find the computed columns that depend on a specified CLR user-defined type or alias type?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> with a valid name and <schema_name.data_type_name> with a valid, schema-qualified CLR user-defined typealias type name. For more information about computed column dependencies, see Understanding SQL Dependencies.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT OBJECT_NAME(object_id) AS object_name
    ,COL_NAME(object_id, column_id) AS column_name
FROM sys.sql_dependencies
WHERE referenced_major_id = TYPE_ID('<schema_name.data_type_name>')
    AND class = 2 -- schema-bound references to type
    AND OBJECTPROPERTY(object_id, 'IsTable') = 1;   -- exclude non-table dependencies 


TOP

 

How do I find the parameters that depend on a specified CLR user-defined type or alias type?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> with a valid name and <schema_name.data_type_name> with a valid, schema-qualified CLR user-defined typealias type name. The following query requires membership in the db_owner role or permissions to see all dependent column and computed column metadata in the database.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT OBJECT_NAME(object_id) AS object_name
    ,NULL AS procedure_number
    ,name AS param_name
    ,parameter_id AS param_num
    ,TYPE_NAME(p.user_TYPE_ID) AS type_name
FROM sys.parameters AS p
WHERE p.user_TYPE_ID = TYPE_ID('<schema_name.data_type_name>')
UNION 
SELECT OBJECT_NAME(object_id) AS object_name
    ,procedure_number
    ,name AS param_name
    ,parameter_id AS param_num
    ,TYPE_NAME(p.user_TYPE_ID) AS type_name
FROM sys.numbered_procedure_parameters AS p
WHERE p.user_TYPE_ID = TYPE_ID('<schema_name.data_type_name>')
ORDER BY object_name, procedure_number, param_num;
GO



The following query returns a restricted and narrow view of parameters that depend on a CLR user-defined type or alias, but the result set is visible to the public role. You can use this query if you have granted REFERENCE permissions on your user-defined type to others and you do not have permission to view the metadata of the objects others have created that use the type.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT OBJECT_NAME(object_id) AS object_name
    ,parameter_id
    ,TYPE_NAME(user_type_id) AS type_name
FROM sys.parameter_type_usages 
WHERE user_type_id = TYPE_ID('<schema_name.data_type_name>');
GO


TOP

 

How do I find the CHECK constraints that depend on a specified CLR user-defined type?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> with a valid name and <schema_name.data_type_name> with a valid, schema-qualified CLR user-defined type name.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT SCHEMA_NAME(o.schema_id) AS schema_name
    ,OBJECT_NAME(o.parent_object_id) AS table_name
    ,OBJECT_NAME(o.object_id) AS constraint_name
FROM sys.sql_dependencies AS d
JOIN sys.objects AS o ON o.object_id = d.object_id
WHERE referenced_major_id = TYPE_ID('<schema_name.data_type_name>')
    AND class = 2 -- schema-bound references to type
    AND OBJECTPROPERTY(o.object_id, 'IsCheckCnst') = 1; -- exclude non-CHECK dependencies
GO


TOP

 

How do I find the views, Transact-SQL functions, and Transact-SQL stored procedures that depend on a specified CLR user-defined type or alias type?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> with a valid name and <schema_name.data_type_name> with a valid, schema-qualified CLR user-defined typealias type name.

The parameters defined in a function or procedure are implicitly schema bound. Therefore, parameters that depend on a CLR user-defined type or alias type can be viewed by using the sys.sql_dependencies catalog view. Procedures and triggers are not schema bound. This means that dependencies between any expression defined in the body of the procedure or trigger and a CLR user-defined type or alias type is not maintained. Schema bound views and schema bound user-defined functions that have expressions that depend on a CLR user-defined type or alias type are maintained in the sys.sql_dependencies catalog view. Dependencies between types and CLR functions and CLR procedures are not maintained.

The following query returns all schema-bound dependencies in views, Transact-SQL functions, and Transact-SQL stored procedures for a specified CLR user-defined type or alias type.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT SCHEMA_NAME(o.schema_id) AS dependent_object_schema
  ,OBJECT_NAME(o.object_id) AS dependent_object_name
  ,o.type_desc AS dependent_object_type
  ,d.class_desc AS kind_of_dependency
  ,TYPE_NAME (d.referenced_major_id) AS type_name
FROM sys.sql_dependencies AS d 
JOIN sys.objects AS o
  ON d.object_id = o.object_id
  AND o.type IN ('FN','IF','TF', 'V', 'P')
WHERE d.class = 2 -- dependencies on types
  AND d.referenced_major_id = TYPE_ID('<schema_name.data_type_name>')
ORDER BY dependent_object_schema, dependent_object_name;
GO


TOP

 

How do I find all the constraints for a specified table?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> and <schema_name.table_name> with valid names.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT OBJECT_NAME(object_id) as constraint_name
    ,SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id) AS schema_name
    ,OBJECT_NAME(parent_object_id) AS table_name
    ,type_desc
    ,create_date
    ,modify_date
    ,is_ms_shipped
    ,is_published
    ,is_schema_published
FROM sys.objects
WHERE type_desc LIKE '%CONSTRAINT' 
    AND parent_object_id = OBJECT_ID('<schema_name.table_name>');
GO


TOP

 

How do I find all the indexes for a specified table?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> and <schema_name.table_name> with valid names.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT i.name AS index_name
    ,i.type_desc
    ,is_unique
    ,ds.type_desc AS filegroup_or_partition_scheme
    ,ds.name AS filegroup_or_partition_scheme_name
    ,ignore_dup_key
    ,is_primary_key
    ,is_unique_constraint
    ,fill_factor
    ,is_padded
    ,is_disabled
    ,allow_row_locks
    ,allow_page_locks
FROM sys.indexes AS i
INNER JOIN sys.data_spaces AS ds ON i.data_space_id = ds.data_space_id
WHERE is_hypothetical = 0 AND i.index_id <> 0 
AND i.object_id = OBJECT_ID('<schema_name.table_name>');
GO


TOP

 

How do I find all the objects that have a specified column name?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> and <column_name> with valid names.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT OBJECT_NAME(object_id)
FROM sys.columns
WHERE name = '<column_name>';
GO


Or

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT SCHEMA_NAME(o.schema_id) AS schema_name 
    ,o.name AS object_name
    ,type_desc
FROM sys.objects AS o
INNER JOIN sys.columns AS c ON o.object_id = c.object_id
WHERE c.name = '<column_name>';
GO


How do I find all the user-defined tables in a specified database?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> with a valid name.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT * 
FROM sys.tables;
GO


How do I find all the tables and indexes that are partitioned?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> with a valid name.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT SCHEMA_NAME(o.schema_id) AS schema_name
    ,OBJECT_NAME(p.object_id) AS table_name
    ,i.name AS index_name
    ,p.partition_number
    ,rows 
FROM sys.partitions AS p
INNER JOIN sys.indexes AS i ON p.object_id = i.object_id AND p.index_id = i.index_id
INNER JOIN sys.partition_schemes ps ON i.data_space_id=ps.data_space_id
INNER JOIN sys.objects AS o ON o.object_id = i.object_id
ORDER BY index_name, partition_number;
GO


How do I find all the statistics on a specified object?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> with a valid name and <schema_name.object_name> with a valid table, indexed view, or table-valued function name.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT name AS statistics_name
    ,stats_id
    ,auto_created
    ,user_created
    ,no_recompute
FROM sys.stats
WHERE object_id = OBJECT_ID('<schema_name.object_name>');
GO


How do I find all the statistics and statistics columns on a specified object?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> with a valid name and <schema_name.object_name> with a valid table, indexed view, or table-valued function name.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT s.name AS statistics_name
    ,c.name AS column_name
    ,sc.stats_column_id
FROM sys.stats AS s
INNER JOIN sys.stats_columns AS sc 
    ON s.object_id = sc.object_id AND s.stats_id = sc.stats_id
INNER JOIN sys.columns AS c 
    ON sc.object_id = c.object_id AND c.column_id = sc.column_id
WHERE s.object_id = OBJECT_ID('<schema_name.object_name>');
GO


How do I find the definition of a view?

Before you run the following query, replace <database_name> and <schema_name.object_name> with valid names.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT definition
FROM sys.sql_modules
WHERE object_id = OBJECT_ID('<schema_name.object_name>');
GO


Or, you can use the OBJECT_DEFINITION function as shown in the following example.

USE <database_name>;
GO
SELECT OBJECT_DEFINITION (OBJECT_ID('<schema_name.object_name>')) AS ObjectDefinition;
GO

 

Generate T-SQL script to assign role to the newly created user to SQL server database

You open SQL management Studio and create the user login using UI or following T-SQL script with Windows authentication:

USE [master]
GO
CREATE LOGIN [DomainNameXYZ\UserNameABC] FROM WINDOWS WITH DEFAULT_DATABASE=[master]
GO

Use Case (I) – You need to provide all the databases “db_datareader” and “db_datawriter” roles: 

We do this in 2 steps:

  1. Create the user with the login created above in each database, or required database.
  2. Assign the role (permission) to the user for that database.

You may use this script to generate script to execute, for creating users in each database:

declare @V1 nvarchar(max), @V2 nvarchar(max), @V3 nvarchar(max), @V4 nvarchar(max), @V5 nvarchar(max)
DECLARE @DbID as INT;
DECLARE @DbName as NVARCHAR(max);
Declare @NewHire as NVARCHAR(max) ;

DECLARE @DbNameCursor as CURSOR;

SET @NewHire = N'[DomainNameXYZ\UserNameABC]’

create table #NewHireAccess
(SQLForNewHire varchar(max))
SET @DbNameCursor = CURSOR FOR
SELECT database_id, Name
FROM sys.databases
where database_id > 6
order by database_id;

OPEN @DbNameCursor;
FETCH NEXT FROM @DbNameCursor INTO @DbID, @DbName;

WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
BEGIN
Set @V1 = ‘Use ‘ + @DbName + ‘;
GO’;
insert into #NewHireAccess
(SQLForNewHire)
select @V1;

Set @V2 = ‘CREATE USER ‘ + @NewHire + ‘ FOR LOGIN ‘ + @NewHire
insert into #NewHireAccess
(SQLForNewHire)
select @V2;

Set @V2 = ‘ALTER USER ‘ + @NewHire + N’ WITH DEFAULT_SCHEMA=[dbo]; ‘
insert into #NewHireAccess
(SQLForNewHire)
select @V2;

FETCH NEXT FROM @DbNameCursor INTO @DbID, @DbName;
END

CLOSE @DbNameCursor;
DEALLOCATE @DbNameCursor;

select * from #NewHireAccess

drop table #NewHireAccess

You may use this script to generate script to execute, for assigning roles “db_datareader” and “db_datawriter” to the  user in each database:

declare @V1 nvarchar(max), @V2 nvarchar(max), @V3 nvarchar(max), @V4 nvarchar(max), @V5 nvarchar(max)
DECLARE @DbID as INT;
DECLARE @DbName as NVARCHAR(max);
Declare @NewHire as NVARCHAR(max) ;

DECLARE @DbNameCursor as CURSOR;

SET @NewHire = N'[DomainNameXYZ\UserNameABC]’

create table #NewHireAccess
(SQLForNewHire varchar(max))
SET @DbNameCursor = CURSOR FOR
SELECT database_id, Name
FROM sys.databases
where database_id > 6
order by database_id;

OPEN @DbNameCursor;
FETCH NEXT FROM @DbNameCursor INTO @DbID, @DbName;

WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
BEGIN
Set @V1 = ‘Use ‘ + @DbName + ‘;
GO’;
insert into #NewHireAccess
(SQLForNewHire)
select @V1;

Set @V2 = ‘ALTER ROLE [db_datareader] ADD MEMBER ‘ + @NewHire
insert into #NewHireAccess
(SQLForNewHire)
select @V2;

Set @V2 = ‘ALTER ROLE [db_datawriter] ADD MEMBER ‘ + @NewHire
insert into #NewHireAccess
(SQLForNewHire)
select @V2;

FETCH NEXT FROM @DbNameCursor INTO @DbID, @DbName;
END

CLOSE @DbNameCursor;
DEALLOCATE @DbNameCursor;

select * from #NewHireAccess

drop table #NewHireAccess

 

Request to run job refused because the job is already running from a request by User

Stop the job using:

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_stop_job N’ABC_JOB_NAME’

The sp_stop_job will show that the job has been stopped, though when you actually try to re-run it you will get error: Request to run job ABC (from User USERXYZ) refused because the job is already running from a request by User USERXYZ. [SQLSTATE 42000] (Error 22022).  The step failed.

Navigate to SQL Agent and script the job and save the file.

Now delete the job and recreate it using the saved script.

Viola! You are back in action.

How to create SQL Server table with computed column of specific data type

The key is to use CAST as shown below

CREATE TABLE dbo.Products
(
ProductID int IDENTITY (1,1) NOT NULL
, QtyAvailable smallint
, UnitPrice money
, InventoryValue AS CAST(QtyAvailable * UnitPrice AS Numeric(4,2))
);

— Insert values into the table.
INSERT INTO dbo.Products (QtyAvailable, UnitPrice)
VALUES (25, 2.00), (10, 1.5);

— Display the rows in the table.
SELECT ProductID, QtyAvailable, UnitPrice, InventoryValue
FROM dbo.Products;

 

How to create SQL Server table with computed column

The syntax is Field Name “AS”.

Example:

CREATE TABLE dbo.Products
(
ProductID int IDENTITY (1,1) NOT NULL
, QtyAvailable smallint
, UnitPrice money
, InventoryValue AS QtyAvailable * UnitPrice
);

— Insert values into the table.
INSERT INTO dbo.Products (QtyAvailable, UnitPrice)
VALUES (25, 2.00), (10, 1.5);

— Display the rows in the table.
SELECT ProductID, QtyAvailable, UnitPrice, InventoryValue
FROM dbo.Products;